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Everything to know about the five Chinese Elements in astrology

Updated: Mar 28, 2023

In ancient Chinese Philosophy, the five Chinese elements are used to depict the relationship between all things in nature.

The five elements (Metal, Water, Wood, Fire and Earth) represent balance, harmony and equilibrium. This 2000-year-old philosophy represents the dynamic phases of constant change. The elements can be used to describe your personality in love, career, friendships and relationships.

Characteristics of the Five Chinese elements:

Metal element

The Doers

Righteous Respectable. Structure. Loyalty.

Water element

The Thinkers

Flexible. Free. Flowing. Emotional. Spiritual.


The Wise

Benevolent. Action-oriented. Wise. Sociable.


The Adventurers

Loving. Passionate. Honest. Sparky.


The Professors

Grounded. Stable. Strong. Honest.

How do I calculate my Chinese element?

The last number your birth year ends in:

0, 1 - METAL

2, 3 - WATER

4, 5 - WOOD

6, 7 - FIRE

8, 9 - EARTH

Each element promotes and controls another:
  • Wood promotes fire

  • Fire promotes earth

  • Earth promotes metal

  • Metal promotes water

  • Water promotes wood

  • Wood controls earth

  • Earth controls water

  • Water controls fire

  • Fire controls metal

  • Metal controls wood

Deeper interaction between the elements:
  • Metal is the supporting element of Water. Water can release the power of Metal.

  • Water is the supporting element of Wood. Wood can release the power of Water.

  • Wood is the supporting element of Fire. Fire can release the power of Wood.

  • Fire is the supporting element of Earth. Earth can release the power of Fire.

  • Earth is the supporting element of Metal. Metal can release the power of Earth.

Each element is be paired with one of the 12 Chinese animals and one of the 12 Western zodiac signs, depending on your birthday.

Find out your combined Western and Chinese sign by downloading the Cosmic Fusion app.

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